What could be the earliest-known images of Turks, engraved some 2,600 years ago, have been identified in the ancient Persian palace of Apadana in Persepolis, thanks to extensive research by Turkish archeologists from northern Turkey to east of the Caspian Sea.
Professor Sevket Donmez of Istanbul University’s Department of Archeology identified the images to likely be of early Turks, after over a decade of research on ancient Turkish settlements. Donmez and his team excavated the ancient site of Oluz Hoyuk in northern Turkey’s Amasya for 11 years, uncovering the tombs of prominent Turks who migrated to Anatolia in the 10th and 11th centuries. The team then intensified their exploration in the eastern regions of Azerbaijan and east of the Caspian Sea.
Based on their research, Donmez concluded that some of the human figures depicted on the stone walls of Persepolis Apadana in modern-day Iran may be the first images of Turks.
Images of Persians depict their eyes as almond-shaped, whereas other figures in the drawings have narrower eyes and rounder faces, typical of the historical Turkish type who lived in Central Asia.
“Because those facial and anthropological features do not belong to another race in that region, it forced us to relate them directly to the Turks,” Donmez said.
“The physical characteristics in depictions of Saka or Scythian representatives are very similar to the historical Turkish type. The figures with scant beards, slightly-rounded faces and curved eyes reflect the first Turkish type known in history.”
Dönmez pointed out that controversies exist over the origin of the Saka, with some historians saying they were more Indo-European than Asian. “Their anthropological and physical appearances clearly show their connection with the Gokturks, Uighurs and Oghuzs after them. In this case, we can say that the first Turkish type known in history is found in Persepolis on a 2,600-year-old relief.”
Donmez said his team’s research to the east of the Caspian Sea, which showed the ancient existence of Sakas, supports the theory that Turkish people emerged, grew and gained a well-established historical identity in the Khorasan region, especially between the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers.
The term Saka refers to Scythians, the large group of Eurasian nomads on the Eastern Steppe and Tarim Basin.
Source: Daily Sabah